£2.65 – £28.00
Our Kenyan Gathongo single origin coffee is grown on farms with altitudes of up to 1,800 metres above sea level – and this, along with the fertile volcanic soils of the region, is the key to the almost unbelievable flavours that can be found within this cup.
Sweet with forest fruit acidity, this zingy, refreshing coffee is packed full of fruit-like flavour with a balance and fullness that is difficult to beat.
Kenyan Gathongo single origin coffee beans produce and outstanding coffee grown at high altitudes.
This varietal was created in the 1930s by Scott Laboratories as botanists searched for different mutations of Bourbon and Typica. It has copper coloured leaves and its beans are broad. It is native to Kenya and is relatively low yielding, however the cup qualities are highly sought after. Characteristics can include intense lemon acidity, great sweetness, balance and complexity.
SL34 was created in the 1930s as a mutation between Bourbon and Typica. It differs to SL28 as it has bronze tipped leaves. This could perhaps mean it has greater similarity to the Typica varietal. SL34 is known to be fairly resistant to heavy rainfall at high altitudes and produces top quality coffee with complex citrus acidity and a heavy mouthfeel..
The Gathongo factory is located in the district of Meru which was formerly in the Eastern Province of Kenya. It is affiliated to the Mariara Farmers Co-op Society along with the Kaguma, Karugwa and Mbwinjeru factories. The coop has around 1,311 active members with around 155 members involved with the Gathongo factory. Each member has on average around 1 acre of land for coffee growing alongside macadamia, beans, banana and maize. The area has deep, well drained and fertile red volcanic soil at altitudes of between 1470 and 1970 metres above sea level with 1287mm of rainfall annually.
The coffee is handpicked by the smallholder members and delivered to the Gathongo factory where it is pulped. This initially separates the dense beans from the immature ‘mbuni’s (floaters) using water floatation which means the denser beans will sink and be sent through channels to the fermentation tank. This first stage of fermentation will last for around 24 hours, after which the beans are washed and sent to the secondary fermentation tank for another 12-24 hours. Once the fermentation process is completed, the beans enter the washing channels where floaters are separated further and the dense beans are cleaned of mucilage. The washed beans will then enter soaking tanks where they can sit under clean water for as long as another 24 hours. This
soaking process allows amino acids and proteins in the cellular structure of each bean to develop which results in higher levels of acidity and complex fruit flavours in the cup – it is thought that this process of soaking contributes to the flavour profiles that Kenyan coffees are so famed for.
The beans are then transferred to the initial drying tables where they are laid in a thin layer to allow around 50% of the moisture to be quickly removed. This first stage of drying can last around 6 hours before the beans are gathered and laid in thicker layers for the remaining 5-10 days of the drying period. The dry parchment coffee is then delivered to a private mill and put into ‘bodegas’ to rest – these are raised cells made of chicken wire which allows the coffee to breathe fully. Coffee is traditionally sold through the country’s auction system, though recent amendments to the coffee law of Kenya have brought about the introduction of direct trading whereby farmers can by-pass the auction and sell directly to speciality roasters such as Iron and Fire. We have chosen to be part of this system as it brings about better returns for the smallholder.
Situated on the equator on Africa’s east coast, Kenya has been described as “the cradle of
humanity”. In the Great Rift Valley palaeontologists have discovered some of the earliest
evidence of man’s ancestors. Kenya’s topography is incredibly diverse. The country is a
land of mountains, valleys, open plains, deserts, forests, lakes, savannahs and a golden
sanded coastline. With its scenic beauty and abundant wildlife, Kenya is one of Africa’s
major safari destinations.
Coffee was introduced to Kenya by the British with seeds from
neighbouring Ethiopia and also from Reunion (Bourbon) island.
The development of hybrids during the 1930s brought about the highly successful varietals,
SL28 and SL34 – coffees that are now world famous and highly admired for their wonderful
complexity in the cup with unrivalled lemony acidity. The country’s best coffees are
grown in the Central Highlands on the southern slopes of Mt. Kenya to the north and in
the foothills of the Aberdare Mountains to the west. Here the coffee is grown on farms
with altitudes of up to 1,800 metres above sea level – and this, along with the fertile volcanic
soils of the region, is the key to the almost unbelievable flavours that can be found within
the cup. The best coffees in Kenya are produced by the cooperatives of which there are
around 300 comprised of between half a million to 600,000 smallholder members. About
60% of Kenya’s coffee is produced on cooperatives with estates and plantations making
up the balance. Typically a smallholding or ‘shamba’ is comprised of shade-grown coffee,
a house, the family cow and a good variety of vegetables and fruit for the use of the